Terms 1-5

Symbols and terms in Italian are used in music to describe how the music should be played.

Gr. 1 Gr. 2 Gr. 3 Gr. 4 Gr. 5

Duration 1-4

TermNoteMeaningGrade
Double whole note Note lasting two times as long as whole note 1
Whole note Four beats in 4/4 time signature 1
Half note Note lasting half as long as whole note 1
Quarter note One quarter of the duration of a whole note 1
Eighth note One eight of the duration of a whole note 1

Rests 1-4

TermRestMeaningGrade
Double whole rest Rest lasting two times as long as whole rest 1
Whole rest Rest lasting 4 beats in 4/4 time signature 1
Half rest Rest lasting half as long as whole rest 1
Quarter rest Rest lasting 1/4 the duration of a whole rest 1
Eighth rest Rest lasting 1/8 the duration of a whole rest 1

Accidentals 1-3

TermSymbolMeaningGrade
Sharp # Higher in pitch by one semitone 1
Natural n Cancels a sharp or a flat 1
Flat b Lower in pitch by one semitone 1

Tempo 1-4

TermMeaningGrade
LargoBroadly (40–60 bpm)1
AdagioSlow and stately (bpm 66–76)1
AndanteAt a walking pace (76–108 bpm)1
ModeratoModerately (108–120 bpm)1
AllegroFast, quickly, and bright (120–168 bpm)1
PrestoVery, very fast (168–200 bpm)1

Dynamics 1-3

The following terms and symbols can be used to indicate the dynamics (intensity) of the notes. The table is arranged from the most soft to the loudest.

TermSymbolMeaningGrade
PianopSoft (almost speaking voice)1
Mezzo pianoPModerately soft (speaking voice)1
Mezzo forteFModerately loud (speaking voice)1
FortefLoud (louder than speaking voice)1

Repetition 1-3

TermSymbolMeaningGrade
Begin repeat ||:Repeat from begin repeat sign to the end repeat sign 1
End repeat :||Repeat from the begin repeat sign 1


Grade 1 Practice